Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk

11th January MMXX

Recently, I restored and rewired a dolls house built by Deb's father back in 2000 and it reminded  me how much I used to enjoy model making, which I haven't really done much of since I was a teenager.

I've had many interests in life and I've been fortunate enough to make a living pursuing some of them. The  skills I learned in model making, for example, have also served me well  in making the historical replicas so important to my living history  presentations.

I quite like the 1/12th scale that many dolls houses use because of the wide range of accessories available and while looking for something for Deb's dolls house, I came  across a Gypsy Caravan kit by McQueenie Miniatures

It's based on a classic "ledge" design of Living Van or "Vardo" used by the Romany Gypsies around the turn of  the 19th/20th century. All the pictures I could find online made it look like quite an adaptable kit.

Being into retro camping and outdoor life, this appealled to me on many levels, My finger hit the order button and this is what arrived a few days later.

I've just taped the major parts together here to check the fit ( all good so far ) and suss out any modifications I would like to make. ( It wouldn't be me if I just built it as standard. )

The first proper job that needed to be done was mounting the doors on tiny hinges with even tinier little brass pins.

A fiddly job to say the least and only just enough pins supplied to do the job, which I thought was a little tight as I searched for one that had pinged out of the tweezers.

Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk

The first of the furnishings that I put together were the two internal cupboard units that came with the kit. Simple enough although I added some turned spindles to make a plate rack over the stove. Then I turned my attention to the white metal  stove.

It was supplied with a wooden stove pipe which I swapped for a section of aluminium tube I found in the workshop and looking at the instructions it seemed that the stove doors  were made to be glued either open or shut. Well there's my first challenge, that's not good enough for me, I want properly hinged  doors...

Out came a pin vice and a fine drill bit. Sorting through Deb's pin cushion I found three suitable pins and the workshop provided some stainless steel wire to build hinges for the drop plate.

I drilled through the fixed hinge blocks on the stove wall first and the used the pins to mark where the blocks on the doors needed drilling. once both parts were drilled I put the peices together and drilled them both with a half mm drill bit to make sure they were in line before gluing the pins to the door hinges.

An hour or so later, opening doors all sorted.

Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk

I'm not going for a traditional caravan layout for this. I thought I would make it the way I would set out the interior. A sort of man cave on wheels.

Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk

The supplied furnishings for the doorway end seemed practical enough but the other end was completely taken over by the bed closet.

I wanted something more like an gentleman adventurers study with a writing desk and all..

Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk
Vardo-Desk-1K

I found this on FleaBay, which looked adaptable enough and when it arrived I set to work on it.

A little off the height so it didn't obscure too much of the window, some simple carving and it fits with  just enough room for a rope framed bed to sling over the top of it.

The mahogany stain is a bit luminous so I'll have to try and tone that down later.

Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk

This is the rope bed in a sleeping position. I'll work out the fine detail of hanging it later.

Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk

Modifying the stove doors so that they were on proper hinges was not just an exercise in seeing what could be done, I wanted to build an illuminated "fire" in the grate to add a bit  of interest in that area.

To built it, I've used a mixture of  red, orange and black seed beads imbedded in clear hot melt adhesive for the coals and they are illuminated by three flickering LEDs, red, yellow and orange. The differing positions and colours create subtle shifting light and tone through the translucent beads, creating a quite realistic effect I feel.

The reflective beads also gleam a little when not illuminated so two birds with one stone as it were.

 

 

 

 

 

.

12th January MMXX

Today I have mainly been butchering Xmas decorations.

Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk

Laser cut plywood stars which will provide some nice "carved" elements for decorating the sides.

Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk

You can see them placed in position under the window boards here. When painted up they should work well.

Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk

Today I took a look at some of the  external fixtures, on the left is the cratch which slings at the back  and one of the chicken coups, which mounts under the ledge above the  wheel near the front. ( I'll be replacing the coup on the other side with a chuck box type affair. )

The kits for these fittings come with simple dowels for construction but I've replaced them with turned  spindles because almost every piece of wood on the original caravans was carved, painted or turned.

I'm currently working out of the recommended order of construction because I want to improve details like this and have them ready when I start the main build.

18th January MMXX

Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk

And so the real build begins.

I bought a few of these little trigger clamps years ago and I've lost count of the number of times they have  proved really useful. I'm using them here with a bit of masking tape as  well to keep the joints nice and tight while the glue dries.

You can also see the first hint at the internal colour scheme in this shot. I painted the end wall before construction because it was easier to avoid the hinges that way.

Here's the main body built and given their first base coats of paint.

Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk

This gives you a pretty good idea of the basic colour scheme with most of the undercarriage and detailing in Deep Hue Cadmium Yellow.

I've decided I'm just going to wax the wooden furnishings.

19th January MMXX

Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk

A bit more furniture for the Vardo.

First of all finishing the bench  panelling. The original kit came with two side benches but only enough  panelling to reach the bed cabinet. However, the bed cabinet also had  panelling that were a close match to the bench panels I butchered them  to extend the side panels.

The corners by the desk had been nagging me a bit. Dead areas that couldn't be easily accessed or seen.

I wanted more shelving for stuff and I realised that if I made the shelving units free standing, I could slide them in and out of the corners. It would also provide the support for the  rope bed in the sleeping position.

The glue is still curing so I haven't waxed them in this picture but you can see them here in the out position.

21st January MMXX

Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk

I mentioned that the original kit came with two chicken coups but I was only using one, which will be mounted  on the side of the Vardo facing away.

Well, this is what I wanted the space for on this side.

Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk

Riam is definitely getting the credit for this idea. A wagon mounted chuck box with fold out table based upon the one he has on his own Living Van.

Another scratch build using re-cycled  mahogany. I'll paint the outside to blend in with the van but I've waxed up the inside as you can see.

If you compare the two pictures you can also see how the desk side shelving slides into the corner for transit.

Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk

The space on the left will be a game  larder, I wanted it long enough to hang a pheasant or some conies and I will make a couple of drawers for the narrow shelf which extends under the ledge

Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk

I also used a scrap of copper electrical wire to make a couple of rails near the stove. One for cups and utensils and the other for a cloth or towel of some kind.

23rd January MMXX

Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk

An updated picture now that I have fitted the drawers and the game bird has arrived.

24th January MMXX

Building-a-Miniature-Vardo
Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk

Here we go, one of the more complex jobs, constructing the roof.

The instructions are fairly straight forward and there are bits supplied to help you with the spacing but what the instructions do not mention is that this is a lot easier with a roll of masking tape to hold bits together while they glue.

Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk

Again, I am modifying things a bit. The kit comes with a vent for the roof but the instructions just show it being added to the top instead of being a functional “mollicroft” which often had windows for extra light. You can see the position of the non functional vent in this picture.

To do this properly, the roof needed to be put together a bit differently. First of all, it will need better structural integrity so instead of just spot gluing the planks to the ribs they are also glued along the edges to the adjacent planks.

Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk

To make the windows I taped together four strips of wood and set to with a coping saw.

Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk

These pierced strips were then glued to a glazing strip and the whole composite will be shaped to match and replace the original vent walls.

25th January MMXX

Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk

The roof a little further on and the completed mollycroft windows in the position they will end up in.

I’m just starting to plank the top section here.

Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk

This is the completed roof and mollicroft.

Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk

And the roof turned over so you can see the construction inside.

If I had planned it a bit better I would have set the roof braces in a position that would line up with the mollicroft braces but that’s too late now.

26th January MMXX

Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk

A good number of pictures and illustrations of traditional Vardos show them with mint green roofs, presumably roofing felt of some kind.

I’m aiming for something along the same lines although it will be darker than thins base coat.

You can also see the window boards have been fitted now, the first parts of the applied decoration for the outside on the van. I’ve masked the mollicroft windows for painting.

Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk

When displayed, it will have the roof propped open, more or less as you see it here. I’m putting some thought into the idea of adding a mirror somewhere so the near side interior can be viewed as well.

Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk

Turning my attention to the under carriage, I looked at the axle mountings first. These are made to simulate the leaf spring suspension but as simple cut outs they looked a bit crude.

In fairness, they live behind the wheels and are not easy to see but you can see them so for the sake of a few minutes carving with a craft knife, putting a little more detail into them is worth the effort.

29th January MMXX

Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk
Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk
Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk
Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk

Small steps today, really small steps.

The steps that lead into the caravan come as part of the kit. I'll work on them a bit to make more of them.

something that came almost as standard with the original Vardos was a narrow ladder which slides under the van bed between the summer bars. Mine was made from the redundant window bars which I replaced and some more turned spindles.

Other than that, I've made some poles for the awning and I've attached the  chuck box to the van body. ( Still got to do the chicken coup. )

I've also shaped up the shaft and given it a lick of paint ready for a few modifications.

It's on wheels now.

You might also notice the back box behind he rear axle. This is another  storage area with a drop front for display. What will not be on display  is the power distribution board the sits in the top of the box.

The cratch has had it's first coat of paint and the decoration for the  roof edge has had it's last. The spindles are almost ready to go between the window bars and the shutters are in the process of being weathered.

Another view showing the back box in more detail.

You can also just see the wiring holes for the rear carriage lights.

Inside, I've tiled around the back of the stove, built a tool box which needs more tools, Debs wove me a rush mat and someone appears to be having a fry up.

30th January MMXX

Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk
Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk
Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk

Sometimes it is the smallest of details that pushes a model closer to reality.

The kit came with a simple and practical method for mounting the shaft which mimicked some of the original Vardos but looked a bit “modelish”, if that makes sense.

As I looked for a better looking solution, I realised that it would not be that difficult to do it properly by building a simple bearing using scraps of piping from my store.

There was always a reason things were done certain ways and this is a good example.

The resulting pivot will be stronger than the kit method while still allowing the shaft to be easily removed for any reason in the future.

Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk

So, we have the shaft in place now and also the spindles between the window bars.

My intention is to set this out as a camp scene and for that an awning is a must in my opinion. The roof being open like this is just for display as the originals were obviously fixed.

The table that you see here needs some proper legs, I’m just standing it on the barrel to check the fit.

I’ll add a camp fire with chitty irons and cookware at some stage too.

Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk

And just a quick shot to show you how the ladder and the awning poles stash away.

 

 

1st February MMXX

Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk

To tyre the wheels, I’ve used strips of self adhesive lead.

I used the same stuff for flashing on Debs dolls house roof which is what gave me the idea. It will dull down in time which should look better.

2nd February MMXX

Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk

Today, the work I put in to the wiring a while ago, started to pay off.

This is not quite the finished lighting but it gives you a good of how it should work.

4th February MMXX

Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk

I quite enjoy working on the details. I wanted a couple of barrels for the build and I ordered two from FleaBay that turned out to be a little uninspiring. One was unfinished with a hole drilled for the inside and had raised bands of wood included in the turning. The other had grooves where the bands were filled with grey vinyl thonging.

Out came the scalpel and off came the vinyl. All the closed ends were flat so I carved in the barrel ends. I used a technique called “Kolrosing” to  mark in the barrel staves and then painted the wooden bands on the small barrel.

For the large barrel I used some trimmings of the lead tape that I had used to tyre the wheels with. You might also notice some scraps that I used to add iron work to the cart shaft in the picture above this one. Useful stuff that.

The barrel bung on the top is just a cocktail stick and I shall either make or source a tap for the bottom side at some stage.

Here it is in a little more detail. ( Not the best picture, my compact camera is playing up at the moment )

A Victorian gentleman adventurer needed a little fire power to keep the natives in line of course ( “Joke” in case it’s not obvious ) 

There may be one or two on show here but they do need to be properly cared for, so it’s a nice opportunity to construct some miniature gun boxes with all the necessary accoutrements.

The pistol was bought in but all the rest is scratch built and yes, the stopper does come out of the oil bottle.

 

15 February MMXX

Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk
Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk

If you have been following this build since the beginning, you might remember me cutting up some Xmas decorations a while back. Well here they are again. Sprayed red to fill the edges and then surface painted with the yellow to match the other trimmings.

This picture also gives yo an idea of what the barrels looked like before being tinkered with.

5th February MMXX

Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk

One of the things that I have found disappointing is the lack of good quality storm lanterns available in 1/12th scale.

The only working ones I could find ran off button cells and that would soon work out expensive.

I did manage to find some non working ones though and I decided to have a go at adapting one.

In case you haven’t worked it out yet, the handle is the wiring for a small “grain of wheat” bulb drilled up into the base of the solid resin “glass”.

The power supply is the same that runs the rest of the vans lighting and is connected through the tube acting as the hanging arm.

Oh yes, you can also see that I’ve converted the biscuit barrel from the last picture into a half descent wooden bucket and I’ve knocked up a wooden barrel tap from a cocktail stick and a garden cane.

Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk

I also put in a little bit more paintwork on the wheels and added hub rings cut from a piece of brass pipe.

Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk
Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk
Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk

As the main build approaches completion, my mind turns now towards dressing it out.

These are just a few reference shots taken to remind me of the things i already have in hand for that purpose.

Althouth these shots are a long way off the finished layout, you can see that the chuck box is not far off and I have a few things ready for the camp too.

The desk end of the interior still needs a lot more details.

The stove unit is coming along nicely but will have more going on by the end.

Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk

The nearside unit that you can not see into  is pretty well empty at the moment but I have plans for that. The view of that side will hopefully be provided by some mirrors in the far side of the roof, which if I get the angle right will show that whole side.

The shotgun on top of the nearside unit will eventually have it’s own gun box. You can see a pistol box on the top right shelf which gives you an idea of the finished item.

Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk

Finally got around to setting up the barrel carriage a few days ago but forgot to post it up.

Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk

Today, I added some decoration to the porch.

Laser cut wood again but this time some “crafty” bits that I found in my local art store.

You might just be able to see a long pole hook which I also made to slide in between the awning poles under the van bed.

Traditionally these were used to hook dead branches out of trees for firewood.

Another job that I did today, that I had been putting off for a while, is building the trestles for the table.

I kept flip flopping between making them solid or packable. In the end I decided to go the packable route, which was a bit trickier but gave me more options.

I’m not sure about the awning at the moment.

Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk

I like the material but I’m starting to think it is too heavy for the scale it is supposed to be. Might have to re-do that.

17th February MMXX

Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk

Starting to look at the camp furnishings, it wouldn’t be me if I didn’t have a camp fire with some cooking equipment.

While looking through my drawer of metal off cuts, I spotted some brass box section that I thought I could turn into a grill. A little bit of drilling and filing later and this is what we have.

I had intended to secure it with glue but actually it friction locks well enough that I don’t think its needed.

The idea of course is to build an illuminated fire pit between the logs, in pretty much the way we tend to on sites that we can have a ground fire. A lot more work to be done on that part.

What I was originally looking through the drawer for was some bits that I could use to make the rest of the chitty irons with, so expect more on this subject.

Had a bit of spare time yesterday and thought those sawn log ends need a bit of justification so knocked up a little frame saw too.

Used an old coping saw blade.

This morning I turned out a pair of axes from a piece of 01 tool steel, differentially hardened and given a decent edge on the whetstone. ( Definitely not toys! ).

Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk

I was looking at some wire insulation clippings on my workbench when an idea struck me. I needed a few shotgun cartridges for the gun box and the wire insulation looked about the right colour.

My first thought was to paint the brass ends but then my eye fell on some track pins, used for fixing model railway tracks but something I often use for other jobs.

The insulation needed a bit of stretching so I dropped the clippings into a mug of boiling water after which they slipped on quite easily. Clip and file the ends flat and hey presto!

I’ve left the first, untrimmed test piece I did to the left of the pile so you can see how it works.

Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk

18th February MMXX

Buttons appear to be useful things. I have a tin full of vintage ones from my Mum’s house.

These two are now serving well as a fishing reel. Guess what I’m making now?

Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk

Did you guess right?

It’s unpainted in this picture but you can see it’s made from nesting tubes with a bit of piano wire for the end.

The loops are made from copper wire stripped out of a power cable and the handle wrapped with thread.

It all fits together but will probably spend most of it’s life like this.

I finished it off with some enamel paint and made a small fly for the line. ( Many years since I did any fly tying ) 

Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk
Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk

19th February MMXX

Watching "Game of Thrones" the other evening, I decided I needed a chained library in the Vardo. ( Not that I don't like lending my books out you understand.)

Wire salvaged from old power cables and a bit of chain from a cheap pendant with two holes drilled into the shelf edge using a pin vice. The wire is not glued in case I want to add more books later.

20th February MMXX

Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk
The original listing picture.

I spotted this miniature miners lamp keyring on FleaBay and although the vendors picture lacked detail, I thought it had potential for a conversion.

I’m very glad I took the chance. It’s a tiny bit over scale but it’s the closest I‘ve seen yet.

I added a bit of detail like the vents, handle and identity plate but drilled out for a grain of wheat bulb it makes a fine addition to the Vardo.

23rd February MMXX

Building a 1/12th Scale Vardo  - The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk

Just finished the mattress and bedding rolls for the Vardo.

I'm using bias binding for the fine weave fabric but I've stuck it to some heavier linen to bulk it out and give it body.

The bindings are just heavy thread from my leather working kit.

I think this might be the first picture of the lightning in a jar too.

 

The Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.ukThe Steam Tent Co-operative.  Gary Waidson - www.Steamtent.uk
Steampunk Camping with the Steam Tent Co-operative. >